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Simulation of tourists daily walking patterns

Agent-based modelling 

  • Study presented at AGILE workshops urban dynamics - Sweden June 2018

SpaceTraces is commissioned to illustrate and experiment with the possibilities that behavioural simulation models offer to planning of a city

The goal of this project is to experiment with simulation tools in order to develop pedestrians' simulations at a city scale. Agent-based modelling (micro/meso simulation) allows to simulate individual (pedestrian) behaviours and address the emergent (spatio-temporal) patterns a a higher scale. 

Pedestrian behaviour is defined as a complex system where a myriad components interact with each other. The goal of this simulation is to understand the functioning of the systems and which parameters have a higher impact on the system itself. The modelled target group are tourists due to the amount of information and datasets already available in Amsterdam City

The model gives the opportunity to play around and to propose several "what-if" scenarios such as:

GAMA opensource software was selected as a programming environment due to its capabilities of easily linking and handling spatial data.

Main data sources

BezoekersonderzoekMetropoolAmsterdam 2016 (BOMA, 2016). Amsterdam Metropolitan Area visitors survey 2016 – Amsterdam Marketing


Onderzoek, InformatieenStatistiek

NBTC Holland marketing 

City data, Stadvoldata 

Research: van der Drift (2015)

Daily spatio-temporal patterns of international tourists

From tourist destinations...

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...To street patterns


  • Amount fo times each street is passed by based on the touristic attractions

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What if...

The model gives the opportunity to play around and to propose several "what-if" scenarios such as:

When compared to the initial scenario, 

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